Home > Sat Nav and GPS Maps > Garmin Maps > Garmin Maps FAQs


Garmin Mapping FAQs

Looking to buy a Garmin sat nav, recreational map o BlueChart map? Want to find a answer to a question that's not answered on our website garmin map pages or trouble shooting page? This page will help. Look through the list of questions below that customers and visitors have asked. Got a question that's not been anserwed? Then please complete our online form below and we'll answer and add it to our FAQs.


Name:

Email:

Your question:


The Questions

Q. I am interested in buying a couple of City Navigator Garmin maps from you. Can I switch between maps while using the device. To do this will I need to put both maps on the same micro sd card or is it a case of swapping cards if I want to view/use the alternate map?

Q. I am interested in buying the following map: Garmin City Navigator NT Maps of UK and Ireland microSD/SD card. Is it compatible with the following Kenwood DNN 6250DAB device which includes a GARMIN navigator?

Q. I am looking to buy a Garmin GPS handheld device for hillwalking in ireland. What map software would be best?

Q. Is it still possible to buy SD cards with maps suitable for the Garmin GVN 53?

Q. I have a Garmin nuvi 2525LM. I want to buy maps for Washington DC and North Carolina. Can you advise which maps I need to buy please?

Q. Have Garmin inbuilt satnav (Suzuki) unit Software 3.60. Unit asking for update, indicating CN Europe NTU 2014.20 Please advise which update to purchase?

Q. I have free lifetime map updates on my Garmin nuvi 58 sat nav. I would like to know if I can download the updates to an empty SD card as I don't have the necessary 10GBs free on my computer. Can you please tell me if this is possible and how I can do it?

Q. I have a Garmin/Kenwood GVN60 fitted in my Golf GTE which I bought in late 2015. Do you sell the SD map updates for this unit?

Q. I am looking to update a Garmin satnav. It is running City Navigator Europe NT 2008 on a DNX 7220 model and I want to update UK and Europe mapping. Can you tell me which updates are compatible please?

Q. I have a new Garmin 2699LMT-D, I also have a Garmin City Navigator NT SD card for North America which I purchased in 2009. My question:Will the SD card be compatible with my new Garmin 2699 LMT-D?

Q. We have a Garmin Nüvi 2597 LMT here in Australia. Will the above card work for it ?

Q. I own a Garmin nuvi 2559LMT and wanting to use it in New Zealand and Hawaii, please advise which maps I need to buy?

Q. Zumo 590lm for motorbike, wishing to purchase Morocco, require off road motorbike trails can you help me?

Q. Would you happen to have a Dec 2014 chart SD card for my Garmin GPSMAP 2006c? Garmin have told me the plotter is obsolete! They cant provide any updated maps.

Q. Does the Garmin City Navigator Italy and Greece map cover the Island of Crete?

Q. The 2 Din SatNav I have in my car is bought from Ebay and name is A-Sure china made. Can I install a genuine Garmin SD card in it for navigation. At present the navigation software is iGo8. I would like to use Garmin instead of iGO8. Please advice

Q. I have recently returned to UK from New Zealand. I am very pleased with my Garmin Rhino 650 and would like to purchase Garmin GB Discoverer Maps for it. Can you please advise whether the map is compatible with my unit?

Q. I have Garmin Edge 800 and would like to use it to follow routes - like the touring plus unit. If I buy the uk map chip, will this suffice? I would like to use to tour in different areas of the country.

Q. I'm contemplating buying a new Mercedes Benz B class.The sales blurb says 'including pre installation for Garmin MAP PILOT navigation system'. The option costs £1550. Can I get a compatible, cheaper system elsewhere?

Q. If I buy a garmin SD card with uk maps do I just have to push it into the connection in the built-in sat nav in my Mercedes GLA car, or do I need anything else to operate it?

Q. I have Garmin nuvi 205W if I purchase City Navigator 2015 maps, will it show motorway lane guidance? I have updated the software, but need to know if latest map update will work showing/speaking road names does it show split screen on motorway lane guidance? Hope you can help! or do I need a new unit.

Q. I have a Garmin nuvi 465T that I would like to use specifically for truck delivery (FedEx) purposes in Italy. If I purchase the 2015 Italy and Greece maps, will my gps be able to properly route my truck based on height/weight/commercial route/etc, as it does in the US?

Q. I have a Garmin Nuvi 205W, previously it has America maps, do you have UK and Ireland maps for this model?

Q. I am seeking updated maps for my Garmin c510 streetpilot GPS. I know there are a lot of limitations for this device (sd card max size 2GB), can't accept maps later that early 2014. Ideally I need the most current maps of the UK, plus Europe that will work. Please advise. (It is worth bearing in mind that we were unable to reply direct to this customer as 'David L' did not give an e-mail adderess when asking the question via our online contact form. No e-mail address = impossible to send reply)

Q. I have recently purchased a Garmin GPSMAP 421 chartplotter, I am looking for charts to install covering UK/Ireland. Could you please advise availability and cost?

Q. Which marine charts are compatible with Garmin GPSMAP 62s and include Channel Islands?

Q. I'm thinking about extending my mapping area on my Garmin nuvi 2515LT. The map I'm thinking about is France. If I buy and install your micro sd card, will it remove the preloaded UK and Ireland thats on my sat nav, or is it just on the card?

Q. I am interested in purchasing the Garmin EchoMap 50dv, ideally with the g2 vision maps. But if I understand your notes correctly, this plotter will not be able to use all the advantages of the vision maps? Is that really the case?

Q. Will auto guide work on my etrex 20 with a bluecharts g2 vision card installed on the unit?


The Answers

Q. I am interested in buying a couple of City Navigator Garmin maps from you. Can I switch between maps while using the device. To do this will I need to put both maps on the same micro sd card or is it a case of swapping cards if I want to view/use the alternate map?

A.The City Navigator maps we supply are supplied on pre-programmed SD/microSD card. These maps cannot be overwritten or added to.

Therefore, it would either be a case of changing SD cards over within your Garmin device. Or if the alternative map you’d like to use is installed on your Garmin devices hard drive, then you can simply switch between the map on the hard drive and SD card by selecting it within the Garmin's on-screen menu.

Back to questions


Q. I am interested in buying the following map: Garmin City Navigator NT Maps of UK and Ireland microSD/SD card. Is it compatible with the following Kenwood DNN 6250DAB device which includes a GARMIN navigator?

With regards to installing the map, will I need to transfer it to the unit or will the unit need to be connect to the SD card in order to use the map?

A.The map you reference is not compatible with Kenwood DNN sat navs, it is only compatible with Garmin portable sat navs e.g. Garmin nuvi range.

The map that is fully compatible with your Kenwood DNN 6250DAB is this one.

In terms of installing the Kenwood map it comes supplied on a plug-and-play SD/microSD card, you simply need to ensure you are running the latest firmware on your Kenwood DNN 6250DAB, insert the SD/microSD card into your Kenwood DNN 6250DAB and leave it in your device.

Back to questions


Q. I am looking to buy a Garmin GPS handheld device for hillwalking in ireland. What map software would be best? Does great britain 1:50k include ireland?

A. Garmin discontinued Discoverer maps for both:

Northern Ireland
Republic of Ireland

No currently available Garmin map include Ordnance Survey (OS) map detail for Ireland.

Back to questions


Q. Is it still possible to buy SD cards with maps suitable for the Garmin GVN 53?

A. I can confirm that the standard Garmin City Navigator NT maps have not been discontinued.

However, your Garmin GVN 53 is not compatible with the standard Garmin City Navigator NT maps. Garmin advise us that exclusive City Navigator mapping software is available from Kenwood, the manufacturer of your inbuilt unit, or perhaps from VW if the GVN 53 is built into a VW.

We can obtain some of the Kenwood maps but would need to check whether these are for your model. These are priced at £179.99.

Back to questions


Q. I have a Garmin nuvi 2525LM. I want to buy maps for Washington DC and North Carolina. Can you advise which maps I need to buy please?

A. The map that we sell that includes Washington DC and North Carolina is the Garmin City Navigator NT 2017 Maps of North America microSD/SD card.

Back to questions


Q. Have Garmin inbuilt satnav (Suzuki) unit Software 3.60. Unit asking for update, indicating CN Europe NTU 2014.20 Please advise which update to purchase?

A. You will need to contact Suzuki regarding this update.

The Garmin sat nav map updates we sell are for standalone Garmin sat navs only and are NOT compatible with build-in sat nav.

Back to questions


Q. I have free lifetime map updates on my Garmin nuvi 58 sat nav. I would like to know if I can download the updates to an empty SD card as I don't have the necessary 10GBs free on my computer. Can you please tell me if this is possible and how I can do it?

A.Sorry, we have no involvement with the download of maps from the Garmin website. We don't sell blank cards for Garmin devices - one reason being that some devices can only read up to a certain size of card e.g. no more than 2GB in some instances.

Downloaded maps are usually 'locked' by Garmin to your device only (to prevent their use in a different Garmin satnav). If you are simply updating the preloaded maps then this may overwrite the existing map file in your nuvi 58 - but we don't know for certain and, since we have no access to the Garmin lifetime free maps server we can offer no assistance. There is a Garmin technical support line: 0808 238 0000.

Despite having lifetime map updates some customers have subsequently purchased mapping on preloaded micro/SD card...

Back to questions


Q. I have a Garmin/Kenwood GVN60 fitted in my Golf GTE which I bought in late 2015. Do you sell the SD map updates for this unit?

A. Sorry, although we can obtain some Kenwood maps, the GVN60 is not in our list of compatible products. I've also just spoken to Garmin Tech Support Southampton who advise that the map can only be purchased from Kenwood.

Follow up question: Many thanks for your help with this. Can you tell me how to contact the right people at Kenwood? I have previously had some incorrect advice from them about updating this GPS from an internet download and their customer support people really didn't seem to know very much.

Subsequent answer: Unfortunately we don't actually deal direct with Kenwood, so wouldn't be able to suggest a contact. However, I've just spoken to our Garmin and Kenwood trade distributor. They advise that they also cannot buy/sell this particular map but are familiar with your system. They advise that the map card is only available direct from a VW dealer.

Back to questions


Q. I am looking to update a Garmin satnav. It is running City Navigator Europe NT 2008 on a DNX 7220 model and I want to update UK and Europe mapping. Can you tell me which updates are compatible please?

A. From your existing map description it seems you would need the full Europe map. Current version is City Navigator Europe NT 2017 priced at £74.99.

However, as far as we are aware, your DNX 7220 is a Kenwood model – requiring the official genuine Garmin Kenwood maps. If you buy the above Garmin City Navigator map and it is not compatible we are not able to take back opened mapping software. Some customers have reported to us that standard Garmin maps do work with their Kenwood model, but it may be that certain features will be missing – or that the latest 'All of Europe' City Navigator map data file is too large and cannot be read by your Kenwood (this is certainly now the case with some earlier Garmin models). We simply do not know and, as we would not want to supply a map which may not be compatible, can only advise that there is an official Garmin Kenwood map (unfortunately at a significantly higher cost of £175.95):

This Garmin Kenwood map is available as a Special Order item only, which may take several days to obtain. As a made to order item it cannot be cancelled or refunded once an order has been placed.

The latest map is available as a Special Order item for the following Kenwood models:

DNX9280BT
DNX9260BT
DNX9240BT

DNX8220BT
DNX7280BT
DNX7260BT

DNX7220
DNX7200
DNX5280BT
DNX5260BT
DNX520VBT
KNA-G620T
KNA-520
KNA-G421/V

This genuine Garmin Kenwood map is priced at £179.99 + delivery. If you wish to proceed please advise and we will give you the link to buy from.

Back to questions


Q. I purchased a map for Australia and New Zealand from you which arrived yesterday. I put it into the Garmin. But something's wrong. No maps appear although I click on Enabled for this map. On the computer, when I click on the image file a notice says it is corrupted.

A. From your description it sounds as though you can see the map description on screen and that you have ticked to enable the maps, something like 'City Navigator NT Australia & New Zealand'.

If you have done this, then you have correctly loaded and installed the maps. We don't know every device inside out but I'm fairly certain that on the Edge you won't see the actual Australia & New Zealand mapping on screen until you are at the location. Nor will you be able to seek a route as there are oceans between you and the destination.

Interrogating the card on a computer can cause a corruption or overwriting of the files.

The SD card needs to remain inserted in your Edge at all times. A computer is not required. The map does not need to be activated. Preloaded mapping can occasionally override new mapping. It is sometimes necessary to open the map menu. Please refer to your Garmin user manual, but typically you would follow this procedure:

Tools > Settings > Map > Map Info

You may need to 'untick' any preloaded maps and 'tick' the newly loaded map. It may be that you only see the old maps (typically either NT v.9 or 2010.20 or similar). If so, please 'untick' whereupon the new maps should appear. These will include the identification 2015.10 or similar. What do you actually see?

You may find this page of our website to be useful.

Back to questions


Q. I have a new Garmin 2699LMT-D, I also have a Garmin City Navigator NT SD card for North America which I purchased in 2009. My question:Will the SD card be compatible with my new Garmin 2699 LMT-D?

A. Yes, Garmin maps are both forward and backward compatible.

You will though be using maps that are at least 7 years old, to view and buy the latest Garmin City Navigator NT 2017 North America maps click here.

Back to questions


Q. We have a Garmin Nüvi 2597 LMT here in Australia. Will the above card work for it ?

A.Yes, the Garmin City Navigator NT 2017 Maps of UK and Ireland microSD/SD card that we sell will be fully compatible with your Australian Garmin Nüvi 2597 LMT.

You can buy the map by clicking on the following link: http://www.activegps.co.uk/garmin-city-navigator-nt-uk-ireland-sd.htm

Back to questions


Q. I own a Garmin nuvi 2559LMT and wanting to use it in New Zealand and Hawaii, please advise which maps I need to buy?

A. You will need to buy two Garmin maps, these are:

1. Garmin City Navigator NT Maps of Australia and New Zealand microSD/SD card
2. Garmin City Navigator NT Maps of North America microSD/SD card

Back to questions


Q. Zumo 590lm for motorbike, wishing to purchase Morocco, require off road motorbike trails can you help me?

A. The two different Garmin Morocco maps that we sell are:

1. Garmin TOPO Morocco Maps DVD and microSD/SD card
2. Garmin City Navigator NT Maps of Morocco microSD/SD card

The full range of Garmin TOPO maps (which we are currently expanding) can be viewed here.

Garmin TOPO maps have been replaced in the UK by the Garmin GB Discoverer range, these maps use Ordnance Survey map data with a scale of either 1:50K or 1:25K.

I would recommend that you consider carefully the Garmin GPS device you want and that the maps you require will be compatible. I mentioned the Garmin zumo 590LM which is compatible with both Morocco maps (TOPO and City Navigator), however the zumo 590LM is NOT compatible with the Garmin GB Discoverer range.

A good device that will work with ALL maps mentioned (TOPO, City Navigator and GB Discoverer) is the Garmin Montana range e.g. Garmin Montana 680t and is preloaded with TOPO European maps (Great Britain and Europe).

Back to questions


Q. Would you happen to have a Dec 2014 chart SD card for my Garmin GPSMAP 2006c? Garmin have told me the plotter is obsolete! They cant provide any updated maps.

A. The Garmin GPSMAP 2006c uses Garmin Datacards. Unfortunately the Datacard format is no longer being supported by Garmin.

The latest Garmin marine chartplotters now use SD and microSD cards.

Back to questions


Q. Does the Garmin City Navigator Italy and Greece map cover the Island of Crete?

A. Yes, Crete is included in the detailed map coverage on the City Navigator NT Maps of Italy and Greece. If you view the map coverage image on the Italy/Greece webpage you'll see that the island of Crete is shaded in blue, denoting the coverage. A smaller version of the map coverage is pictured right.

Back to questions


Q. The 2 Din SatNav I have in my car is bought from Ebay and name is A-Sure china made. Can I install a genuine Garmin SD card in it for navigation. At present the navigation software is iGo8. I would like to use Garmin instead of iGO8. Please advice

A. Each manufacturer has their own operating system, software and maps. They are not interchangeable. We have no knowledge of the satnav that you describe. You will need to contact the seller for mapping advice. Garmin mapping (which is only compatible with specific models), like any software cannot be returned for refund after the seal has been broken on the manufacturers sealed packaging.

Back to questions


Q. I have recently returned to UK from New Zealand. I am very pleased with my Garmin Rhino 650 and would like to purchase Garmin GB Discoverer Maps for it. Can you please advise whether the map is compatible with my unit?

A. Yes, I can confirm that the Garmin GB Discoverer maps are compatible with your Garmin Rhino 650. You can view and buy the full range of GB Discoverer maps by clicking here.

Back to questions


Q. I have Garmin Edge 800 and would like to use it to follow routes - like the touring plus unit. If I buy the uk map chip, will this suffice? I would like to use to tour in different areas of the country.

A. It would very much depend where you intend to use your Garmin Edge 800.

If you were using it on roads only, then I would recommend the Garmin City Navigator (street-level) range of maps.

However, if you wanted to use off-road then I would recommend the Garmin GB Discover (Ordnance Survey) range of maps instead.

Back to questions


Q.I'm contemplating buying a new Mercedes Benz B class.The sales blurb says 'including pre installation for Garmin MAP PILOT navigation system'. The option costs £1550. Can I get a compatible, cheaper system elsewhere?

A. Built in Garmin models are usually exclusive to Mercedes and we are unable to supply accessories as these are also exclusive. A standalone Garmin nuvi satnav may prove to be a better long term option as we are often asked if map updates are available for built in models (could be any make, not necessarily Garmin). Unfortunately the answer is usually 'no'. However we are still able to supply map updates for Garmin (nuvi range) windscreen mounted models which were produced as long as 10 years ago. I realise that the whole point of the built in model is to give a sleek look and that you may not want suction mounts and cables…

Things may have changed and we not wish to deter you from buying the Mercedes built in Garmin. It may be worth asking Mercedes if the 'Garmin City Navigator NT maps on micro/SD card' are compatible with the Map Pilot range. If so, then you will be able to add maps for other parts of the world. It may be that the Map Pilot range comes with lifetime map updates - but these map updates will only be for whichever maps are preloaded - which may not necessarily be a country to where you may want to drive to in the future.

Back to questions


Q.If I buy a garmin SD card with uk maps do I just have to push it into the connection in the built-in sat nav in my Mercedes GLA car, or do I need anything else to operate it?

A. The Garmin map SD cards we sell are ONLY compatible with the Garmin portable
sat nav range e.g. Garmin nuvi.

For the latest maps for your cars built-in sat nav, you will need to contact Mercedes directly.

Back to questions


Q. I have Garmin nuvi 205W if I purchase City Navigator 2015 maps, will it show motorway lane guidance? I have updated the software, but need to know if latest map update will work showing/speaking road names does it show split screen on motorway lane guidance? Hope you can help! or do I need a new unit.

A. The Garmin City Navigator 2015 maps will NOT add features that didn't already exist on your Garmin nuvi 205W sat nav. The mapping software on SD/microSD card merely updates your device with the latest maps. All of your sat nav features remain the same.

Back to questions


Q. I have a Garmin nuvi 465T that I would like to use specifically for truck delivery (FedEx) purposes in Italy. If I purchase the 2015 Italy and Greece maps, will my gps be able to properly route my truck based on height/weight/commercial route/etc, as it does in the US?

A. I can confirm that there is good truck data coverage available throughout Italy. So if you purchased the Italy/Greece card it would work fine for delivery purposes that you have in mind.

Something else to consider; you most likely have North America Traffic services (the T in 465T = Traffic Messaging Channel). A nuvi 465T purchased in the UK will only have European traffic services. The traffic receiver is the flat black block built into the power cable. Additional regions are available by subscribing to them - usually at around £30.00 - payable direct to Garmin.

Unless you know for certain that you have the Europe Traffic Messaging bundled with your GTM 25/26/35 power cable/receiver you may wish to add Europe by quoting the serial number on the cable direct to Garmin.

Alternatively we can provide you with a new GTM 36 (with lifetime traffic for Europe) for use with your nuvi 465T. This cable would give you European Traffic Messaging services – but not North America.

Back to questions


Q. I have a Garmin nuvi 205W, previously it has America maps, do you have UK and Ireland maps for this model?

A. Yes, you can add UK and Ireland street-level maps to your Garmin nuvi 205 via an SD card. To purchase the latest SD/microSD card map click here.

Back to questions


Q. I am seeking updated maps for my Garmin c510 streetpilot GPS. I know there are a lot of limitations for this device (sd card max size 2GB), can't accept maps later that early 2014. Ideally I need the most current maps of the UK, plus Europe that will work. Please advise.

A. Your StreetPilot cannot read SD cards which are larger than 2GB in file size. Therefore the Full Europe map and the North America map are no longer compatible simply because the file size now exceeds that which can be read by your c510.

Garmin are no longer selling ANY maps for the StreetPilot range at their own website. This is because they also sell downloadable versions of the same maps and their server cannot remotely assess whether a StreePilot device will be compatible with the download. They have however advised us that regional maps supplied to ActiveGPS of less than 2GB file size, such as UK and Ireland, Spain and Portugal, Italy and Greece etc should still be compatible with the StreetPilot 'c' and 'I' series (e.g. c510, c550, i3 etc).

We have successfully sold Garmin City Navigator Maps to StreetPilot owners during 2014 but we recommend that you read the Garmin map install page. You can also learn more here.

To buy mapping for the Garmin StreetPilot series, please choose your StreetPilot model starting here.

We work closely with the Garmin map department and will assist you should you require assistance with your StreetPilot.

Back to questions


Q. I have recently purchased a Garmin GPSMAP 421 chartplotter, I am looking for charts to install covering UK/Ireland. Could you please advise availability and cost?

A. For complete coverage of UK and Ireland waters you have a choice of two different charts for the Garmin GPSMAP 421.

1. Garmin BlueChart g2 UK and Ireland microSD,SD card
2. Garmin BlueChart g2 Vision UK and Ireland microSD,SD card

While both charts provide exactly the same chart coverage, the g2 Vision version also includes these extra features:

High-resolution satellite imagery e.g. harbours, ports, etc, above and below the waterline 3D perspectives and auto-guidance technology.

We sell the latest charts currently version 2014.5 / V16 (charts are made to order with the latest Garmin marine cartography), and we also provide a free chart update should another be produced within 6 months of purchase. View all the Garmin BlueCharts.

Back to questions


Q. Which marine charts are compatible with Garmin GPSMAP 62s and include Channel Islands?

A. Only Garmin BlueChart g2 maps are compatible with the Garmin GPSMAP 62s. g2 Vision aren't compatible.

As for charts with coverage of the Channel Islands you have four options:

Option 1. Garmin BlueChart g2 English Channel Central East microSD,SD card (pictured right)

Option 2. Garmin BlueChart g2 English Channel microSD,SD card

Option 3. Garmin BlueChart g2 UK and Ireland microSD,SD card

Option 4. Garmin BlueChart g2 Europe, Northwest Atlantic and Iberian Peninsula microSD,SD card

All charts/options above provide identical detail, the difference is the size or area of the chart (and cost!).

To view all of the Garmin BlueCharts maps click here.

Back to questions


Q. I'm thinking about extending my mapping area on my Garmin nuvi 2515LT. The map I'm thinking about is France. If I buy and install your micro sd card, will it remove the preloaded UK and Ireland thats on my sat nav, or is it just on the card?

A. By inserting the France/Benelux map card into the empty microSD card slot you will NOT overwrite the UK and Ireland maps already on your Garmin sat nav.

For more information, we have a page which explains more about installing the maps, which you can view by clicking here.

Back to questions


Q. I am interested in purchasing the Garmin EchoMap 50dv, ideally with the g2 vision maps. But if I understand your notes correctly, this plotter will not be able to use all the advantages of the vision maps? Is that really the case?

A. We have sought definitive advice from our Garmin UK Marine Distributor, who advise:

"There were some issues with the early Echomap and g2 Vision charts, however if the customer downloads the latest software they will be fine. If they buy a new unit now, it is fine out of the box."

Back to questions


Q. Will auto guide work on my etrex 20 with a bluecharts g2 vision card installed on the unit?

A. The g2 Vision charts are not compatible with the Garmin eTrex 20. You can only use g2 charts (non 'vision') with the eTrex 20.


Back to questions

Page last updated: 10th April 2017

Deliveries

We offer UK, Europe and Worldwide deliveries. We despatch orders at 5.30pm on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. We need to receive your order on those days by 4.30pm. When possible we may despatch orders received after that time. No orders are despatched after 5.30pm and no orders are despatched on Saturday or Sunday.

We offer economy and premium delivery. Click here for further info. All options also appear at the basket pages.

Telephone Number:

01733 777623

Monday to Friday 9:30am to 5:00pm (UK Time)

ActiveGPS.co.uk Copyright © Active Alliance Limited 2005-2017 | Company Number - 05200677 | VAT Number - GB 834 2222 57
Text compiled by and copyright Active Alliance Ltd. Plagiarism software in use - do not copy any of our website text, images or videos.